Flap Surgery

Periodontal surgery may be needed to treat certain gum diseases and conditions, such as gingivitis or periodontitis. This type of surgery is commonly known as gum surgery. • Most gum surgeries procedure take two hours to complete.

• In some cases, the surgery will require a person to be asleep or partially asleep during the procedure. Other times, the surgery only involves the use of a local anesthetic to numb the gums. The injection of the numbing medication can be mildly uncomfortable.

• During the procedure, the dental surgeon uses sterile equipment, including instruments and drapes, to lower the risk of infection.

• After making small incisions or cuts along the gum line, the dentist will lift the gums away from the teeth. This allows the dentist to see the roots better so that they can remove and clean away any tartar, plaque, or infection.

Following this deep cleaning, the dental surgeon can perform other procedures, such as gum reshaping, bone regeneration procedures, or other planned procedures.

Once the planned dental surgery is complete, the surgeon will stitch the gums back into place, using fine thread stitches. The dentist will remove the stitches 7 to 10 days after surgery.

Recovery :

• Antiseptic mouthwash and toothpaste on bathroom shelf in front of mirror.

• Antiseptic mouthwash may help to prevent infection after surgery.

• Following any dental procedure, a dentist will provide detailed instructions on how to achieve the best possible recovery. Recovery times will depend on the extent of the procedure taking place

Dentists may also recommend :

• Using an antiseptic mouthwash to keep the area clean and to avoid infection

• Avoiding strenuous exercise

The procedure aims to treat,

• Regrowing damaged bones and tissues

• Preventing tooth loss

• Reducing gum gaps between teeth, known as black triangles

• Reshaping the jaw hone to lower the risk for bacterial growth in bone crevices

• Eliminating bacteria and infection. Before surgery, a dental surgeon might give the gums a deep clean. One procedure known as deep scaling can remove tartar and bacteria from teeth and gums.


Another procedure known as root planing can smooth the surfaces of the roots of the teeth, meaning that there are fewer places for tartar and bacteria to build up. This procedure also removes any tartar that is on the root.

Deep scaling and root planing usually occur at the same time.

Flap surgery

Flap surgery is especially helpful for people who have tartar deposits in deep pockets. The procedure involves lifting the gums off of the teeth to remove tartar buildup.

After the surgeon has cleaned the area and removed the tartar, they will stitch the gums into place to fit around the teeth. Sometimes, the bone may require reshaping during this procedure.

Bone grafting

When the bone that surrounds the root of the tooth is damaged or destroyed, a person may need a bone graft. This procedure involves replacing the damaged bone with new bone. This bone may be the person’s bone, a manufactured bone, or donated bone.

The goal of bone grafting is to hold the tooth in place and help it to regrow.

Guided tissue regeneration :

During this procedure, a dental surgeon will place a small piece of mesh-like material between a person’s bone and gum tissue.

The material prevents the gum from growing into space where bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow.

Depending on the type of procedure, a range of things may take place. • Using an antiseptic mouthwash to keep the area clean and to avoid infection

• Avoiding strenuous exercise

• Eating soft foods in the days following surgery not smoking

The dentist will schedule an appointment to return to the office for 1–2 weeks time. During this appointment, the surgeon will check how the gums are healing and, if required, remove any stitches.

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